What sort of damages am I entitled to recover in a personal injury case? Texas law provides for various categories of personal injury damages that one can recover. However, every case is determined on its own merits. No one case is the same as the other. While one jury in the Dallas or Fort Worth area might value a personal injury case one way, a jury in other parts of Texas may value a similar case totally different.
Medical Expenses. A person who suffers a personal injury and seeks medical treatment is entitled to recover the amount of the medical expenses incurred. This includes, ambulance bills, emergency room and hospital expenses, as well as any follow up treatment, surgeries, or physical therapy. However, medical expenses are limited to the amounts that were actually paid or incurred by the injured party or their health insurance company. Recovery is not allowed for any amounts that have been written off or discounted by the health insurance company.
Lost Wages. If you are injured and lose work due to pain, incapacity, or to attend doctor’s appointments, then you would be entitled to reimbursement for the wages attributed to the time missed from work. If you get paid by the hour, then your recovery would be the total number of hours missed multiplied by your hourly wage rate. If you are a salaried employee, then your salary would be broken down into a per diem rate and your lost wages would be calculated accordingly. Lost wages are, however, subject to being discounted for incomes taxes. Even though personal injury settlements are not taxable income, Texas law states that lost wages that are recovered in a personal injury case are limited to the net wages after federal income tax liability.
Physical Pain and Mental Anguish. Texas law also provides that a person who is physically injured is entitled to a monetary award for physical pain and mental anguish. Where the damages previously discussed can be easily calculated by reference to billing statements or simple math, pain and suffering is an amount awarded that best reflects the physical pain someone endured as a result of the injury. The jury (or judge in a bench trial) puts a dollar amount on the plaintiff’s pain and suffering based upon the evidence on the injury. Some factors that may influence the amount awarded include the seriousness of the injury, the duration of the injury, the effect the injury had on the daily routine of the injured person, and the level of depression and embarrassment endured.
Physical Disfigurement and Impairment. Some injuries can have long lasting and even permanent limitations. Examples include scarring, burns, amputations, brain injuries, and paralysis. These types of injuries tend to make for much higher awards since they involve more serious injuries and because the injured party has probably experience a life-altering event. Likewise, the injured party would have to plan for future life-care such as in-home nursing, maid services, transportation, etc.
Unless the parties are able to settle their dispute without the need for a trial, then a jury (or judge in a bench trial) would ultimately decide what amount of damages an injured person is entitled to recover. Although most cases are settled without going to trial, settlement are generally reached between the client and the insurance company based upon historical understandings of the tendencies of jury awards in similar circumstances. That is why it is very important to retain an experienced personal injury trial lawyer who can structure your case in the best possible way to optimize your recovery.